Collection Method


Kit Requirements


Turn Around Time

24 hours Turnaround times are estimates


Sample Report


Insulin resistance (IR) is a condition characterised by resistance to the effects of insulin at a cellular level.  Muscle and adipose tissue require increasing greater amounts of insulin to transfer sugars from the bloodstream.  Higher levels of pancreatic insulin synthesis are required to maintain normal blood levels and, therefore both fasting and post-prandial glucose levels rise.  Increasing HOMA scores reflect this.  Untreated insulin resistance may lead to diabetes and require medical intervention and ongoing treatment.

Insulin Resistance is calculated from both the fasting insulin and fasting glucose results to create the HOMA score (homoeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance).

Insulin resistance is a key component of the Metabolic Syndrome along with abdominal obesity, elevated LDL cholesterol and triglyceride levels, low HDL cholesterol and high blood pressure.

A strong family history of diabetes is a major risk factor for high levels of insulin resistance, along with high GI carbohydrates intake including excessive alcohol consumption; lack of regular exercise; stress and nutritional deficiencies such as chromium, vanadium and magnesium.


Nagpal M, De D, Handa S, Pal A, Sachdeva N. Insulin Resistance and Metabolic Syndrome in Young Men With Acne. JAMA Dermatol. 2016;152(4):399‐404. doi:10.1001/jamadermatol.2015.4499

Carvalho CA, Silva AAM, Assunção MCF, et al. The dietary inflammatory index and insulin resistance or metabolic syndrome in young adults. Nutrition. 2019;58:187‐193. doi:10.1016/j.nut.2018.07.014


  • Fasting Glucose
  • fasting Insulin
  • HOMA-IR score (homoeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance)

Test Method

Automated chemistry (Roche Diagnostics)

Common Conditions

  • Cardiovascular Health
    • Cardiovascular Disease
    • Hypercholesterolaemia
    • Hypertension
    • Hypertriglyceridaemia
  • Nutritional and Dietary Symptoms
    • Obesity
  • Endocrine and Hormonal Health
    • Pre-diabetes

Notice To Patients

NutriPATH practices in the usual practitioner-referral system for pathology laboratories. Patients are highly recommended to seek the supervision and guidance of a qualified healthcare practitioner for the interpretation of any lab results and associated information. NutriPATH can offer assistance in locating a suitable practitioner.

Find a Practitioner

How it works

Step 1

Order test

Your referring practitioner will place this order via their online portal.

Step 2

Collect Samples

A test kit will be dispatched to you and you can conveniently collect your sample in the comfort of your home.

Step 3

Return Samples

Return samples for analysis via the provided courier packaging.

Patient resources

Our highly skilled and qualified team have created a service where patients can easily gain access to a wide range of pathology testing options.

View all

Practitioner resources

As a leader in the industry, practitioners are able to trust in our ability to provide them with the technology they need to adequately test their clients and patients.

View all